Back In H-town From #LGBTMedia14
March 6, 2014
The Observer photograph [TW: Sexual Assault]
March 8, 2014

#JD4PJI: The downfall of the Pacific Justice Institute and the sweet victory of trans youth

By Cristan Williams


The one thing that you have to realize is that everything the Pacific Justice Institute (PJI) did to a trans kid in Colorado was about PJI’s desire to stop a law in California that codified equality standards for trans children. Law makers in California proposed legislation that would help ensure that California’s trans children would be able to have a school experience free from institutionalized oppression. PJI hated this idea and decided that were going to fight it every step of the way. PJI’s first strategy was to obtusely mock and belittle trans children, apparently believing that it would somehow cause the California Legislature to kill trans protections for these kids:


That strategy was a total failure. In August 2013, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed into law a bill (AB 1266) that basically said that schools must treat transgender students as being equal to cisgender students.

Once the law was passed, PJI’s only hope for stripping equality protections from trans children was though a ballot initiative. PJI teamed up with a handful of other anti-trans groups in an effort to coordinate their anti-AB1266 ballot initiative.  However, PJI needed a new anti-trans strategy and so they began a nationwide hunt for a trans kid they could hold up as being the face of the supposed evils of AB 1266:


One of PJI’s ant-AB 1266 ‘ambulance chaser’ ads

It wasn’t enough to merely mock trans children or scare people with hypothetical situations. PJI’s success hinged on its ability to point to a real-life nightmare scenario wherein they could prove that trans children posed a threat to cis children. PJI found their anti-AB 1266 boogeyman in the guise of Jane Doe, a Florence, Colorado high school student:

Before PJI: Jane Doe (front row, middle) with school friends.

Before PJI: Jane Doe (front row, middle) with school friends.

In early October 2013, PJI took to the media to promote their evidence-based case against trans equality in schools:

“This is a nightmare scenario for the teenage girls—some of them freshmen—and their parents at this school,” noted PJI staff attorney Matthew McReynolds, who sent the letter to Principal Brian Schipper and Superintendent Rhonda Vendetti. “This is exactly the kind of horror story we have been warning would accompany the push for radical transgender rights in schools, and it is the type of situation that LGBT activists have been insisting would not happen.” – October 10, 2013 PJI Press Release

PJI asserted that Jane Doe was a boy who was sexually harassing cisgirls in the restroom. The story PJI fed the media was that nothing could be done to stop Jane Doe from skulking about the restroom awaiting a new victim because Colorado had AB 1266-like rules that protected trans children.

PJI’s media campaign was international in scope. PJI encountered a media environment that was a more than willing accomplice in their smear campaign against Jane Doe. Everyone from the UK’s The Daily Mail to Fox News began falling over themselves to repeat PJI’s story without conducting any fact checking. PJI and their media partners claimed that Jane Doe represented the very “nightmare scenario” PJI had foretold should AB 1266 remain California law. PJI’s international smear campaign against Jane Doe prompted numerous PJI-sympathizers to assert that Jane should be beaten and killed.  

Enter, the TransAdvocate

Since nobody seemed to care about fact checking the story, I called the school Superintendent, Rhonda Vendetti:

We do have a transgender student at the high school, and she has been using the women’s restrooms. There has not been a situation. All the students of these parents who say they feel uncomfortable just about the fact that the student is allowed to go into the restrooms at the high school, into the stalls – they don’t believe that that’s appropriate, so that’s where it stems from. There has not been an incident of harassment, or anything that would cause any additional concern. –  Superintendent, Rhonda Vendetti

The Daily Mail removed their story after the above recording gained widespread attention. However Fox News continued to support PJI:


Fox News Headline, 10/15/2013, still live as of today

HRC joined GLAAD in condemning the false reports while Trans Exclusionary Radical Feminists (TERFs) began promoting PJI’s lies:


TERF site, Gender Identity Watch, currently under investigation by the Southern Poverty Law Center for its role in a hate movement, attempting to undermine the facts of the case.

TERF opinion leader, Cathy Brennan took to social media to asserts that my debunking of PJI’s claims against Jane Doe was “bullshit.” She also admitted that she was reaching out to PJI:

Asserts the debunking of PJI’s claim against Jane Doe is “bullshit” & admits to contacting PJI

After contacting PJI, Gender Identity Watch acted as PJI’s mouthpiece and promoted the narrative PJI supplied them:

Promotes the narrative PJI provided Brennan on her social networks.

However, Jane Doe’s schoolmates began push back against PJI’s narrative of hate:

[PJI is] so pathetic. My mom asked me about this whole thing when she saw it on the news, and I told her. She even said they were being dramatic. – Florence High School cisgender female student

Meanwhile, PJI published a gloating fundraising letter in which they attempted to discredit my debunking of PJI’s lies:

PJI urged school officials to immediately identify any factual allegations they considered to be disputed. School officials have yet to respond to this invitation, but Superintendent Rhonda Vendetti instead gave an interview to a transgender activist in which she was defensive of the school’s actions and dismissive of some of the allegations. This interview was seized upon by advocates, who claimed it somehow proved the story to be a fabrication. Under intense pressure, several news sites took down or retracted their stories rather than investigating further. Not so fast, say PJI attorneys.

“Transgender activists are in full damage control mode because they know how explosive and damaging to their cause this story is,” noted Brad Dacus, president of Pacific Justice Institute. “The central issue in this case—a high school’s decision to give a biological teenage boy full access to teenage girls’ bathrooms is both disturbing and not seriously disputed. It is very revealing that the Superintendent is seeking sympathy from transgender activists instead of addressing the serious concerns raised in our letter.”

Keep in mind that the debunking was completely unexpected by PJI and their partners. PJI had begun their media campaign just as the Florence School district went into a week-long break. They expected to have, at the very least, a full week of peddling their lies to a willing media machine before the school could have a chance to formulate a comprehensive response. Had the narrative carpet not been pulled out from under PJI’s feet, I might be writing a very different story today.

Days later PJI’s partner, the Salt & Light Council went on the news to claim that trans children were scurrying up and and over bathroom stalls so they could watch people use the restroom. Having not yet learned their lesson, news outlets once again began promoting the unsupported claim without fact checking it.


ABC Ch. 10 News

Gottlieb said claims that the accommodating transgender students will lead to rampant abuse is fear mongering. “There are other school districts like Los Angeles Unified that have had similar policies that have been very successful,” said Gottlieb. In response, Reese pointed out a recent case in which a Los Angeles-area high school student complained to her school that a transgender boy harassed her and peeked at girls over the stalls. The girl’s family hired an attorney, but has yet to file a lawsuit.

I called the Los Angeles Unified School District and fact checked the story:

Los Angeles Unified School District: Office of communications

Cristan: I’m calling to verify some information that I saw on the channel 10 news.

LAUSD: I’m sorry, what information are you trying to verify?

Cristan: Sure, sure, on channel 10 news it says that, at least on their website, that a LA high school student complained because a transgender kid was in the restroom peeking over stalls. And so that’s on the news and I just wanted to fact check that claim. Have you actually received complaints of transgender children climbing over stalls to look at other people as they’re in the stalls?

LAUSD: I will have to check that for you. I believe that was fabricated, but give me one second. I need to verify. Hold on for a second.

Cristan: Okay.

LAUSD: Because it’s been a few days since we got that report. So hold on for me.

Cristan: Sure.

[On Hold]

LAUSD: I apologize for the wait. They did get the complaint and it turned out that it was fabricated by one of the parents who opposes transgender students in schools. So it was an unfortunate situation, to have to put the students through, but it was fabricated.

In quick succession, PJI and its partners had tried to push not one, but two fabrications to the media in an effort to promote their anti-AB 1266 narrative. Unfortunately for PJI, as soon as these stories began to gain some traction, they were almost immediately debunked.

I then interviewed Jane Doe’s mother. Jane Doe’s mother made a tear-filled plea to PJI and their partners to stop targeting her daughter:

(See below interview with PJI for transcript)

The town of Florence, Colorado came to Jane Doe’s defense. “I’m horrified over how they’ve treated one of our own. We want them to stop disrupting the school with their bullying. We want them to take their hate and go back home,” said Sally Moondancer, mother of a daughter who attends Florence High School. The owner of local business, 3rd Dimension Signs was more pointed in her condemnation of PJI:

I really find it very sad that any group that says it supposed to be ‘Defending Religious Freedom, Parental Rights, and other Civil Liberties’ is out preaching such hate and bigotry, in the name of equality. Before they start casting judgment on others they should really take a long hard look in the mirror and see who the real monster is here… Keep your hate and bigotry out of our community it’s not welcome here.


Supportive school parents from the Florence, Colorado community.

Meanwhile, PJI’s staff attorney, Matthew McReynolds did an interview wherein he claimed that Jane Doe’s presence was “inherently harassing” and “intimidating:”

First of all, it’s our position that a teenage boy’s presence into the bathroom for teenage girls is inherently harassing. It’s inherently violative of their privacy rights. It’s also intimidating when you have a boy like this, who is not a freshman, going in there with younger freshman girls. They feel violated. They feel intimidated, and that’s been expressed to us.”

In response, I interviewed Matthew McReynolds and asked him a number of hardball question. He lied numerous times and when I played him audio of Jane Doe’s mother’s plea to stop attacking her daughter, McReynolds’ response was to misgender Jane Doe and blame her for all the hate PJI had focused upon her:

Cristan: I’ve collected a number of questions and issues from the community that they wanted to have you address. The first one comes from Florence, Colorado and here it is…

Jane Doe’s Mom (audio recording): They can’t… how do you say… They have to learn to love all God’s creations and to believe that they have so much hatred in them… and to be this way [begins to sob]  is hard. Because, because my daughter is a precious life just like, just like anybody else, I know how precious everybody’s kids are to them and they have to understand that it’s been a lot of hurt, that there could be so much hatred directed at my daughter, who, she’s just trying to be a normal teenager and go on with life.

Cristan: So, that’s Jane Doe’s mother and specifically she has a statement that she wanted me to read to you: “What you’re doing isn’t right. You say that you’re a God-loving people but you’ve targeted my daughter – a kid – like this. You shouldn’t do this to any kid. You should be ashamed. You’re wrong for what you’ve done to my daughter.” What do you have to say to Jane’s mother.

McReynolds: Well, a couple of things. First of all, all of us identify with the raw emotion we hear in her voice and her instinct to for her son who’s now her daughter and all the many, many issues that accompany that. At the same time, we have to go back to the reality that nobody went out looking for Jane Doe to launch this. We didn’t come from California to Colorado looking for this situation…

Fact Check: That’s a lie. Refer to PJI’s ‘ambulance chaser’ advertisement featured at the beginning of this article.

… because, he decided that he wanted to walk into the girl’s bathrooms and girls locker rooms and interact with them there, that caused some serious discomfort on our client’s part as it would on the part of most teenage girls in that situation and so, as much emotion as is there and as much desire is there to protect that child, you know, we have to balance that with the privacy interests and the constitutional privacy rights of all the other students and that is what has not been done to date.

Meanwhile, Jane Doe was put on suicide watch.

We at the TransAdvocate organized a letter writing and fundraising campaign for Jane Doe. Letters, cards and postcards poured in from across the globe wishing Jane Doe well and encouraging her to keep fighting:

People being awesome!

People being awesome!

We also managed to raise $3,692 to help offset the cost of Jane Doe’s medical care:


GoFundMe Results

PJI created a fundraising video for their anti-AB 1266 campaign that again falsely promoted the notion that Jane Doe was not only male, but a dangerous predator.  At this point, PJI’s anti-1266 ballot initiative was in full swing. They needed to collect 504,760 VALID signatures in order to stop AB 1266 from taking effect. If they could do that, they could then put equality for trans children up to a popular vote in California.  PJI-backed signature gatherer were deployed throughout California and the TransAdvocate began documenting numerous instances where  PJI-backed signature gatherers were caught lying and even engaging in intimidation.

Signature Gatherer: Registered voter?

TransAdvocate Auditor: Yeah

SG: You hear about the co-ed bathrooms?

TAA: Mm, what?

SG: Governor Brown passed a bill where it’s okay for boys and girls to go into restrooms together because of — ‘transgender’ children? Right now we’re having problems in the bathroom already. I work for the school district. And we’re…

TAA: What kind of problems have you had in the bathrooms?

SG: Uhm, first of all, kids. They’re just kids, y’know, they experiment, they, uh, [unintelligible], things like that, but, uhm, something,  we’ve had a couple of rapes, we’ve had molestations…

TAA: You’ve had rapes? Where?

SG: Oh, yeah!

TAA: What school do you work at?

SG: Oh, we’re in Oakland…

TAA: You’re in Oakland…

SG: Yeah, we’re in Oakland, uhm, but it happens at – various- schools, it’s not just Oakland schools, you just don’t hear about that stuff. Uhm, and then, basically, uh- older kids- as- as they get older, right now, boys – teenage boys heard about this and they’re going into girls’ bathrooms saying they’re gay, and they’re trying to take pictures of girls…

I reached out to the Oakland Unified School District to fact check this signature gatherer’s assertions. Unsurprisingly, the PJI-backed signature gatherer was lying:

Troy Flint, Director of Communications, Oakland Unified School District

Troy Flint, Director of Communications, Oakland Unified School District

Thanks for bringing this to our attention. Contrary to the allegations contained in your email, we have not received reports of sexual assault or sexual harassment perpetrated by transgender students. Nor does OUSD support efforts to marginalize this population. Quite the opposite, OUSD has been a leader in advocating for equitable treatment where gender and sexual orientation are concerned. – Troy Flint, Director of Communications, Oakland Unified School District

PJI and their supporters turned in 619,233 raw signature and proceeded to declare victory, claiming that merely turning in raw, unverified signatures was enough to put the law on hold. Their proclamation was largely ignored and contradicted in the media. In January when the Secretary of State began a full validation of the raw signatures, PJI again asserted that the bill was on hold and again their claim was largely ignored while school after school announced that they were taking measures to ensure that trans children would not face institutionalized discrimination.

Then came the announcement PJI had dreaded. On Monday, February 24 the California Secretary of State announced that the effort to repeal AB 1266 had failed. In response, PJI again asserted they had managed to put the law on hold claiming, “Until the fate of AB 1266 is resolved, the Co-ed Bathroom Bill is not in effect.” PJI vowed to not only inspect every bogus signature, they asserted that they would file suit against the law.  Again, PJI’s burblings were largely ignored in the media.

For PJI, It Gets Worse

Back in November 2013, the TransAdvocate announced that PJI’s day of judgement was at hand. We called the actions we were taking “Judgement Day for PJI.” 


Part of Judgement Day for PJI was a social media education campaign called #JD4PJI. We encouraged the citizens of the internet to raise awareness of what PJI was hoping to do to trans kids in California and to Jane Doe in particular. We also asked people to change their social media icons to a purple “Not on my watch” avatar.

In support of this education campaign, we also protested in front of the SoCal office of PJI. We again implored PJI to stop bullying and harassing Jane Doe and even asked Michael Peffer, Senior Counsel at PJI to come out and explain to the trans youth in our group why they were “inherently harassing.” PJI refused to send anyone out to speak with us.

#JD4PJI, PJI’s headquarters in back

While it took several months, it seems that Judgement Day for PJI is truly here. The Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) just classified PJI as an official hate group. I called the head of the SPLC’s investigative arm, Mark Potok and spoke with him about what led them to classify PJI as a hate group:

This is really what caused us to take a hard look at them last year was the wild exaggerations about California schools and the claim that a trans kid was supposedly harassing other kids, the one you found out to be baloney. We look at groups that demonize minorities in our society in a way that makes them targets for real hatred and often violence and that’s what we’ve seen here. – Mark Potok, SPLC

For those of you who helped raise awareness about what PJI was doing, I thank you. Your voice was heard! I have to say that there is something particularly sweet in knowing that PJI put its vast monetary and media resources into targeting trans kids and found itself beat in a way that it will never fully recover from. Being labeled an official hate group by the SPLC is a red stain that can never be removed. Gone is PJI’s ability to be taken seriously outside their own hate-filled in-group.

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Cristan Williams
Cristan Williams
Cristan Williams is a trans historian and pioneer in addressing the practical needs of the transgender community. She started the first trans homeless shelter in the South and co-founded the first federally funded trans-only homeless program, pioneered affordable healthcare for trans people in the Houston area, won the right for trans people to change their gender on Texas ID prior to surgery, started numerous trans social service programs and founded the Transgender Center as well as the Transgender Archives. Cristan is the editor at the social justice sites and, is a long-term member and previous chair of the City of Houston HIV Prevention Planning Group.


  1. Anti-Transgender hate group Pacific Justice Institute fails again

    Added by Kelli Busey on December 25, 2015.Saved under GeneralTags: Pacific Justice Institute

    Pacific Justice Institute spends a lot of money exhorting transphobia even exporting it to Russia.
    Another of the Pacific Justice Institute proxy organizations has failed in their weird bathroom obsession/crusade.
    Brad Dacus spends a lot of money placing adverts, ironically and inexplicably targeting the transgender community whom he has failed so miserably to harm.
    The AP reports that Karen England of the “Privacy for All campaign” said in a statement that their petition effort fell short of the 365,880 signatures needed to get an anti-transgender initiative on the November 2016 ballot. England did not reveal by how much.
    Privacy for All’s initiative would have prohibited transgender people from using the single-sex facilities that matched their gender identity unless they had a medical exam or court judgment confirming a change from their sex at birth.
    The supporters of this known hate group upset with President Brad Dacus endless failures, are wondering why this organization, which supposedly has their children’s interests at heart are ignoring issues that are negatively affecting their children’s health?
    Short answer. The Pacific Justice institute is a hate group. That’s what hate groups do. Parents, unless you’re obsessed with toilets like Dacus is I’d suggest donating your money to a different group, and hopefully one that has won at least once.
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  2. Frances “Poppy” Northcutt discusses the tradition of transgender inclusion in Southern Feminism and comments on the common issues and enemies facing both the trans and feminist communities. Northcutt comments on her involvement with feminism in the South, particularly in Houston Texas and the ways in which trans people can support abortion clinic defense.
    Keywords: Second-wave feminism Southern Feminism NOW Body Autonomy

    Southern Feminism: An interview with Frances “Poppy” Northcutt
    BY Cristan Williams@cristanwilliams

    Cristan Williams: How long have you been involved in the feminist cause? Can you tell me about the first action you participated in?
    Poppy Northcutt: I’ve been involved in the feminist movement since 1970.  The first action I took part in was on August 26, 1970.  That was the Women’s Strike for Equality, the first nation-wide action that NOW had.  I had been reading about the women’s rights movement in the newspaper and magazines but didn’t know whether there was a Houston group or how to find them.  Anyway, sometime in August I read a story in the newspaper about the strike and found out that the Houston Area Chapter of NOW would be demonstrating outside the federal building downtown.  So at last I knew how to find them.  I took the day off from work and went to the strike.  There were only about 15 women there but I happily joined them that day, found out when and where the next  meeting was, attended that meeting, agreed to be the chapter’s PR coordinator at that meeting, and was off and running.
    CW: When did you first became aware of trans people who were involved in the feminist cause?
    PN: Not sure exactly but it was in the early 1970’s.  Phyllis Frye was in law school at the same time as a friend of mine and when we had the National Women’s Conference here, Phyllis was a volunteer.
    Phyllis Frye’s 1977 National Women’s Conference Volunteer Badge
    CW: Feminism in Houston has been trans inclusive for some time. Back in the 1970s, most of the feminist organizations were trans-inclusive. From instance, the Houston League of Women’s Voters and even the National Women’s Conference was trans-inclusive. However, during that same era, it seemed that some East and West coast feminist leaders were staunchly anti-trans. Why do you think was?
    PN: I’d like to think it was because we were smarter and had more common sense but practical realities probably had a lot to do with it too.  Those folks in New York and California were living in liberal enclaves. But living here, we were surrounded by good ole boys all the time.  The Ku Klux Klan wasn’t something we read about; we often came face-to-face with those guys.  We didn’t have to go looking for enemies to our cause; they were everywhere around us.  So when someone wanted to join us in the fight, like Phyllis did, we were thrilled.  We quickly learned that what was important was what was in someone’s head, not what was between their navel and their knees.
    CW: What are your thoughts about the [Trans Exclusionary Radical Feminist] movement?
    PN: I am amazed that a TERF movement even exists because it is so contrary to what I consider to be the fundamental values of feminism.
    CW: I’ve noticed that the same hubris people who stand in the way of trans people are generally the same people who are standing in the way of the right to safe and legal abortion services for many of the same reasons.
    The Pacific Justice Institute, the very organization that hounded a trans kid to the brink of suicide, is also an anti-abortion group. The Salt & Light Council, the very organization that went on the news to falsely claim that trans children were scurrying up and and over bathroom stalls so they could watch cis people use the restroom, is also an anti-abortion group. I​n fact, the right-wing terrorist group that was recently captured in the Houston area by the FBI, waxed on about their support of “biblical gender roles” in their “manifesto.”
    Why do you think most of folks who are anti-trans are also anti-abortion?
    PN: I think we share the same opponents because both the trans cause and the feminist cause challenge sex roles and sex role stereotyping is central to most fundamentalist religions. We challenge what our opponents  view as “natural” and “necessary” and “God-ordained”. I think they are very afraid of us because we cast doubt on things they view as certainties. And if one certainty bites the dust, then what else might fall?
    Pro-trans, pro-choice abortion clinic defenders: (L) LaKeia, (R) Poppy
    CW: Until August 12, 1980, Houston had a crossdressing ordinance which made it illegal to wear masculine clothing if you were sexed female at birth or female clothing if you were sexed male at birth. This ordinance was used against the lesbian, trans, feminist and gay communities. On the 12th of August, Phyllis Frye was able to have the ordinance revoked.
    It seems that in some ways, the oppression affecting the lives of trans people has historically intersected with the oppression affecting the lives of cis women. Do you think that this is as true today as it was decades ago?
    PN: Yes.
    CW: Those fighting against the ERA asserted that equality for women would result in nefarious men hanging out in the women’s restroom. Full page ads were taken out “warning” people that this would happen. Those fighting against trans equality also assert that it will result in nefarious men hanging out in the women’s restroom.
    Why do you think the forces of anti-equality fall back on this argument?
    PN: Bathrooms, bathrooms, bathrooms!  When we talk about justice, they always want  to talk about bathrooms!  It’s just a fear tactic, trying to make people afraid that someone is gonna be lurking and looking and lusting after them in the bathroom. I still have copies of the flyers that the right-wing used to hand out in opposition to the Equal Rights Amendment.  They are full of appeals to fear.  Fear always is the number one argument of the right wing.  Today, the NRA is out spreading fear that Obama is gonna take away their guns.  And somehow, feminists and gays and transfolk are gonna destroy their marriages.  Your question is why do they fall back on the bathroom argument. The answer is that with their audience, fear works.  That’s why they keep using it.
    CW: You and I formally met through abortion clinic defense. Numerous trans people from America, Australia and the UK have contacted me wanting to know how they could get involved with clinic defense in their areas. What advice would you have for those wanting to volunteer for clinic defense in their areas?
    PN: Just see if there is a clinic defense group in their area and if so, volunteer.  If there isn’t a clinic defense group in their area, go by clinics on weekends and see if there are anti-abortion protesters.  If so, get together with some other like-minded folk and talk to the clinic about providing an escort service.
    CW: NOW is a trans-inclusive organization and specifically supported adding trans people to national hate crime legislation. If a trans person wanted to get involved in their local NOW chapter, how would they go about it?
    PN: NOW welcomes anyone who supports our goals so if someone is interested, go to a meeting.  Our meetings, with rare exception, are required to be open to the public.  So go to a meeting and join.  The dues are reasonable.  Normally they are $40 per year but there is a sliding scale available from $15 up for those who need it.  The annual dues include national, state, and local membership.  In Houston we usually meet on the first Tuesday at 7 pm at the Montrose Center.  People can also check with for contact info on chapters in their area.
    CW: Do you, as a long-term feminist opinion leader, have anything else that you’d like to say to the trans community?
    PN: I welcome the involvement of the trans community in the feminist movement.  We don’t just  have the same opponents;  we share the same goals of respecting individuality and self-determination and seeking full equality and justice for all.

    The National Organization for Women (NOW) is the largest multi-issue women’s rights organization in the United States dedicated to taking action to bring women into full equality. Frances “Poppy” Northcutt is the President of the Houston Area Chapter of NOW and of  Texas State NOW.
    Poppy is a semi-retired attorney who began her professional life working in the space program  as a return-to-earth specialist. She was the first woman to work in NASA’s Mission Control Center in an operational role during the Apollo 8 spaceflight. She became an activist in the women’s rights movement in the early 1970’s and served on the National Board of Directors of the National Organization for Women in 1971 and was the founding chair of the Harris County Women’s Political Caucus in 1972.
    When Fred Hofheinz was elected Mayor of the City of Houston in 1974, he named Poppy to be the first Women’s Advocate for the City.  She also served as chair of the City’s Affirmative Action Commission. She graduated summa cum laude from the University of Houston Law Center in 1984 and worked as a prosecutor in the Harris County District Attorney’s Office for five years before entering private practice. While in the DA’s Office, she served as the first felony prosecutor in the Domestic Violence Unit.
    In short, Poppy is real feminist warrior who has spent the last 44 years of he life on the front lines of the feminist movement. Poppy is – and has always been –  a trans inclusive feminist.
    See Also:
    This is Frances “Poppy” Northcutt, who at 25 help designed the return-to-Earth trajectory that the Apollo 8 crew took from the moon, back to Earth, she also help design the and built the descent engine for the Apollo lunar lander. [ 947×636 ]
    Houston Oral History: Interview with Frances Miriam “Poppy” Northcutt
    Women of the Apollo Program
    KPFT Interview: Pioneering Houston Feminist Frances “Poppy” Northcutt
    About Latest Posts Cristan WilliamsCristan Williams is a trans historian and activist. She started one of the first trans homeless shelters and co-founded the first federally funded trans-only homeless program, pioneered affordable healthcare for trans people in the Houston area, won the right for trans people to change their gender on Texas ID prior to surgery, started numerous trans social service programs and founded the Transgender Center as well as the Transgender Archives. Cristan is the editor at the social justice sites and, is a long-term member and previous chair of the City of Houston HIV Prevention Planning Group, is the jurisdictional representative to the Urban Coalition for HIV/AIDS Prevention Services (UCHAPS), serves on the national steering body for UCHAPS and is the Executive Director of the Transgender Foundation of America. Latest posts by Cristan Williams (see all) Commentary Testing – November 13, 2015 Testing, Pt 1 – November 14, 2015 Second Commentary: About John’s Entry – November 20, 2015 Share this:Share on TumblrPocketLike this:Like Loading…


  3. […] Williams has documented her magnificent part in #JD4PJI: The downfall of the Pacific Justice Institute and the sweet victory of trans youth at the […]

  4. Gordon Nore says:

    Exemplary bit of advocacy journalism and fact-checking.

  5. […] attempted to interfere with direct medical care their targets receive, and have proven that they will even work with anti-gay groups if it means furthering their obsession in targeting transgender […]

  6. […] attempt to interfere with direct medical care their targets receive, and have proven that they will even work with anti-gay groups if it means furthering their obsession in targeting transgender […]

  7. Good write-up. I definitely love this website. Keep it

  8. […] for many of the same reasons. ​​ The Pacific Justice Institute, the very organization that hounded a trans kid to the brink of suicide, is also an anti-abortion group. The Salt & Light Council, the very […]

  9. […] Pacific Justice Institute, the very organization that hounded a trans kid to the brink of suicide, is also an anti-abortion group. The Salt & Light Council, the very […]

  10. […] Pacific Justice Institute, the very organization that hounded a trans kid to the brink of suicide, is also an anti-abortion group. The Salt & Light Council, the very […]

  11. […] force behind the referendum to derail the California trans student rights bill, AB 1266, was designated a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center.  • CrossFit is being sued by a trans woman […]

  12. […] painting trans women as autogynophilic, delusional, predatory, sexually-confused rapists; and the violent push-back to allowing trans women into women’s bathrooms due to fear of rape, while at the same time […]

  13. […] force behind the referendum to derail the California trans student rights bill, AB 1266, was designated a hate group by the Southern Poverty Law Center. • CrossFit is being sued by a trans woman for […]

  14. David J. Ingraham says:

    The trans gender problem can be solved with bath rooms for single use, as most Service station bath rooms are

    • danah gaz says:

      There is no “transgender problem” just like there was no “jewish problem”

      There is however, an a**hole problem, and likely there always will be.

  15. Karen Adams says:

    PFLAG and TYES sent out the following press release in response to this bullying of the Colorado teen.

  16. Karen Adams says:

    Last week I was trying to understand a several posts and comments in responses to a blog I wrote that landed on Huffington Post. The poster was Cathy Brennan. I was certainly surprised when I discovered her history. Our families with trans youth in Colorado reached out to the Florence family when we learned of this horrible incident. It impacted all of us. We are very grateful to your excellent work in quickly uncovering the truth behind the initial headlines. I also appreciate further understanding the details of the tactics of these hateful organizations. I won’t be spending my time conversing with her on the Internet anymore, that’s for sure!

  17. Alisha Ramsey Blackburn says:

    Thank you for your thoroughness with this article and for all the work you have done!

  18. DarlieB says:

    Heeeheeee! Now to get TERF on their list!

  19. […] too long ago, Cathy Brennan was vehemently denying an association with the Pacific Justice Institute (which was one of the new groups listed by the […]

  20. christian_transgender says:

    Cristan, the depth, breadth, and efficacy of your journalism baffles my ability to comprehend. I am honored to have the privilege of being part of your discussion, even if long-winded. I type almost as fast I can speak, a disclaimer I find necessary to excuse my lengthy comments. Your passion, shared by me, engages me in a way few are able.


    They always identified with Christians, and really thought they were one. Not unlike the Russians in Crimea, they invaded Christianity and now commandeer it as an instrument of debauchery. Not unlike the Stockholm syndrome, they embrace the very tactics of the enemy they claim to portend about. They forsake truth in favor of deceit as they “demonize [others] minorities…in a way that makes them targets for real hatred and often violence.” Thank you Cristan for exposing them as the Christian posers they really are, at least in consequence and practice. The Christmas message was never commissioned to be delivered in a parcel topped with a ribbon, doused with fragrance only to emit a rank odor when opened. Even less, it was never to be the message of an architect steeped in deep and personal loathing toward others, namely trans brothers/sisters, members of creation derived from the same source. It was never intended to pave a highway with trans cadavers, the consequence of a message of exclusion that reduces a human being’s self worth to < 0, for what self-esteemed value lies in being a scourge to society? Pastor Jack Hibbs, esteemed sir, are you listening?

    "HATEFUL CHRISTIAN: an oxymoron"

    Immediately after I tragically discovered that sites like Lifesite news, Charisma news, WND and GOP USA were banning me from commenting in defense of trans children and adults, I as a true albeit fallible believer in the Christmas message changed my Disqus moniker. I boldly reveal my trans, LGB, military, Latina, and public safety history expressly to do my part in refuting the oft-repeated stereotype that being trans is a mental impediment to achievement. This is no time to gloat on past accomplishments, but to pursue future advances of trans equality. I include my faith in my moniker to exhibit that trans Christian is not an oxymoron, unlike hateful Christian. With righteous indignation I hold with fervent contempt the players that "demonize [trans] minorities in our society in a way that makes them targets for real hatred and often violence."

    For me, the Christmas message answers many questions, while at the same time the rest of scripture creates others, one of which is the inferences that homosexuality is abominable. I now realize that sometimes we must stop the madness, think and conclude. My conclusion is that real love, no matter the parties, is such a powerful force that were it truly ubiquitous our world would be a near-utopia. Sexuality is, as designed, the ultimate extension of such love, and even if used for pleasure serves as a counterweight to the pains of life. My passion, supported by personal experience, is to combat violence (oxymoron intended for effect), especially toward the most weak and vulnerable such as trans persons.


    I have no fear in looking hate in the eye, especially when it resides in those cowering behind a hijacked Christian cross. As my voice was silenced from the "Christian" discussion, despite remaining civil, on topic and yet scathing while those that opposed me in the most vile way suffered no such censorship, I realized this: "they" were not truly interested in discussion, but in closed-session, members-only, one-way rants that could only be described as evil by intent, devious by design, and destructive in consequence. The harsh and stark reality that religion, ironically the historical target of persecution, has once more become persecutor has left an indelible and lasting impression on me. Thus began my verbal tongue-lashing and house cleaning journey against the "money changers" in my Father's House. I never expected that my fervent defense of trans equality for all would in turn reveal the presence of impostors steeped in "religion", repeating the Christian script, but unable to conceal their true identities behind their bitter fruit. It is AD 003 all over again.


    Judgement day has begun. As goes California, so does the nation. As a native Californian blessed by birth to have been racially, sexually, and "genderlly" diverse, I am proud to reside in this great state that has led the way with AB 1266. AB 1266 is already allowing transgender children to flourish. The primary motivation behind opposition was based on phantom fears, forgetting that children will be children. Teen sexual maturation has always driven school teens to exploration and always will, regardless of the presence or absence of trans students. The opposition always held to the false notion that AB 1266 will cause the "Girls" and "Boys" signs to drop from school facilities, faster than the 2013 calendar. Its flaw was in supporting this lie, for transgender means just that: transition of gender as it modifies "boy" and "girl." It adds a condition: that a student is actively transitioning gender. It makes no accommodation for true co-ed facilities. The opposition also held fast to their flawed opinion, contrary to medical truth, that sex is immutable. They forgot that opinions are as subjective as belief and religion and have minimal if no standing in the legal arena; that sex has been officially changed now for over half a century and that this is not the anomaly they claim it to be.

    The rumor that the password to invade the girls restroom and locker areas became "I am a girl" was believed by many parents. Fortunately, childhood experts were not fooled and thus I thank them for supporting AB 1266. Another of their flaws was in forgetting that the parents of trans children and trans adults with children such as I have an even far greater concern for childhood safety, the very impetus behind AB 1266. They couldn't conceive of the notion that trans accommodations, so vital for a trans student's childhood developmental phase, could coexist in private areas with no violations of privacy.


    I share my faith with the "opposition" but never their rancor. I am fortunate to have acquired the ability to be somewhat articulate by the 10th grade, never convinced of a need for a post high-school degree, therefore I acknowledge my academic limitations which are rather glaring. Although they will disagree, I submit that AB 1266 is not the first or the last ringing of the death knell insofar as trans opposition is concerned. Even without AB 1266, the recent DOE vs Arcadia School District ruling that transgender discrimination is sex discrimination became CA Education Code "case law" and was federal confirmation that at least in CA, the era of transgender discrimination in public schools had come to its righteous and logical conclusion.


    To my Christian family who stood opposed, you have fought the good fight, despite being flawed and peppered with untruths. This alone is noble for the concerns were genuine although unsubstantiated. I extend a hand with love and support and ask that you now desist and realize that gender and its variations is not a sin, but a gift from God. Our faith tells us that we are no longer infallibly created beings, but are described as pitiful and flawed creatures dependent on a promise for salvation. We descend from progenitors that indeed were God's perfect creation, never in need of salvation, only to disobey and become tainted master copies from whence we descend. In fact the promise of a new and glorified body is one of our faith tenets. We are told that sin happened and the rest is history. We are now finite and fallible hybrids, in possession of corrupted DNA, with a World Hall of Records eternally serving to attest to the depravity of man derived from such corrupted DNA, with but occasional shimmers of benevolence.

    In no uncertain terms is this a last-gasp, desperate attempt to rationalize a medical sex/gender transition, for the need to establish rationalization for medical procedure X within our circle of faith vanished long ago. Please, join us at the table in fighting violence against all people, including those of us who have been the bane of your existence, and judged worthy of all your wrath.

  21. Lexie Cannes says:

    This is an excellent bit of journalism here. Congrats.

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